Statistics from Altmetric.com
Constipation tends to be characterised by infrequent bowel evacuations, hard, small faeces or difficult or painful defecation (Maestri-Banks and Burns, 1996; Thompson et al, 1999; Brown et al, 2006; Longstreth et al, 2006). Patients with an ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group; Oken et al, 1982) performance status 3 or 4 are at high risk of developing constipation (Figure 1). Approximately 45% of hospice patients are constipated on admission (Goodman et al, 2005). Patients on, or commencing, opioid therapy are at high/inevitable risk of constipation (Sykes, 1998). Assessment is essential to effective bowel management and an accurate history is necessary to understand the patient’s normal and acceptable bowel pattern. A normal bowel pattern ranges from three bowel actions a day to …
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.